Zeke and Wilkes County, Georgia

Sometimes the new leads come in so fast and furious, I have to start writing some of this down, or I’ll forget all the various follow-ups I want to do.

I have to calm myself, and remind myself that not all of the leads will pan out, perhaps only a minority will turn in to anything useful.  But, it seems like I have lots of clues for a new scavenger hunt.

Zeke Huguley and our Frank Huguley seem to be the key to understanding our new DNA match.  So I’m looking at what I can find out about Zeke.  As mentioned, in addition to being a direct ancestor to our new match, Zeke is a direct ancestor to Kenneth Burton.  And Kenneth has left a lot of breadcrumbs from when he was researching Zeke.


In the exchanges in the above thread, Zeke had been tracked as being enslaved by the same George Huguley, as our Frank Huguley had been.  Here are some excerpts from the above:

Researching slaves of George Huguley?

Posted: 08 Nov 2006 08:12AM


Seeking information on slave inventories of George Huguley b. 1809 d. 1886. He has a likely connection as the slave owner to my great great grandparents Ezekial (Zeke) Huguley b. 1845 d. 1924., and Mary Huguley b. 1847 d. abt. 1883.

I have a copy of Ezekial’s death certificate, his second wife, whose the informant, stated that he was born in West Point Georgia.

The 1860 U.S census slave schedule for Chambers County Alabama, list George Huguley as owning 75 slaves.

Is there an inventory before emancipation of his slave holdings that might mention his slaves by name.

Posted: 04 Sep 2007 10:00PM

Valerie Freeman

I don’t know if this is of any assistance but I thought you might find this of interest. It is posted to the Chambers Co., Alabama GenWeb Archives. Go to this file:


The Huguley & Dallis/Dallas families were very closly connected from their early days in Linclon Co., Ga., as evidenced by George Huguley’s 1st (Mary “Polly” Dallis) & 2nd (Gabrella (Arabella) Alice Dallis) wives.

George’s brother, Amos Huguley, married 1st to Orrie Dallis and 2nd to Naomi Dallis.

My husband is the 3X Great-grandson of George & 2nd wife, Gabrella. I wish I could help you further. Have you tried writing the Troup County Archives in LaGrange, Ga?


I have found them to be very helpful, as I am do this from Orange Co., California.

Valerie Freeman

~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Dallis I already had these Dallis sisters in my tree, per their association with George Huguley.  I also had a Mahala Dallis as an ancestor to our McCord cousins, but that’s an adventure for another day.
Sticking with George Huguley, I decided to delve in to this family more.  I thought Kenneth had raised a good question: could we find any records of the people enslaved by this family prior to emancipation.
Other researchers had tracked George Huguley to being the son of Job Huguley and his wife Alley.  Job died before 1817, and Ally died in 1847.  What would Ally’s probate records reveal?
I found her will, but the actual probate file was more dificult to find.
Here are some book entries that caught my eye.  I will include the full page here for context clues of who the contemporary neighbors were.

Page 48–GREEN, JAMES, dec’d. est. Thos. Green, excr. Sale of effects Nov. 28, 1818. One not given by excr Thos. Green to said Jas. dec’d. for $875.00., saddle, bridle, whip and lot of books. Cash received of est of Hiram Morton. One note given by said Jas. Green, dec’d to John H. Brandon of Roan C. N. C. for $50.
Page 377–Paid Willis Green $64. 1820, paid Thos. Green, Jr. $30., 1822, paid Bryan Fanning $570, 1822. Thos. Green, excr.

Page 104–GARTRELL, JOSEPH, dec’d. est. Carleton Wellborn, excr in right of his wife. Sold slave Stephen. Signed Jan. 4, 1820.

Page 179–GUNN, ANNE, dec’d. est. John Hendley, admr. Paid Richard Gunn $850. Paid Mary Dewberry $500. Signed Nov. 5, 1821.
Page 193–Returns for 1819-21 Paid Richard Gunn, Jr. for cheese, paid for three coffins. Paid John S. Harper on son Ichabod’s account.

Page 343–GUNN, JOHN, dec’d, minors, John J. Harper, gdn. Returns for 1821 show paid A. B. Stephens tuition for Cicely Gunn and board for Geo. and Cicely Gunn.
Page 454–David Pool, admr. of John Gunn, dec’d in right of his wife, to boarding Cicely and Geo. 1822-23.

Page 249–GRIFFIN, JOHN, dec’d. Division of est by commissioners as directed in his will, but not assigned to heirs, his widow having married. May 7, 1822.

Page 334–GRESHAM, EDWARD, dec’d. est. Archibald Gresham, admr. Returns show he paid Wm. Jones and Henry Shorter distributees $632.37 each in full, retaining the remainder for himself, the third distributee. Jul. 25, 1822.

Page 368–GRIER, ROBERT, Sr., dec’d of Dallas Co. Ala. Robt. Jr., admr. with will annexed. Commr’s app to make inventory. Two notes on Thos Akin, one on Edward D. Malone, all that is listed. Jul. 26, 1823.

Page 27–HUGULEY, JOB, dec’d. orphans. Ally Huguley, gdn. Hire of slaves of Amos, Nancy, Geo. Alley and Elizabeth 1818.
Page 85–Same for 1819.
Page 373–Same for 1822 as gdn for Geo., Elizabeth. Nancy and Ally, board, tuition and clothes. Paid tax for Amos.

Page 41–HENDERSON, JOHN, orph of Wm. Henderson. Hannah Henderson, gdn. Returns 1815-19 paid board and tuition.

Page 46–HILLYARD, RICHARD, dec’d. est. Wm. Hillyard, admr. Returns for 1817. 125 acres in Wilkes Co., slaves Spencer, Geo., Sarah, little Sarah, sold to R. Hillyard. Slave woman to Mary Hillyard in full of legacy.

Page 53–HOLMES, MARY, dec’d. Wm. Holmes, admr. Returns 1819 no data

End of Page 179 – The Early Records of Georgia, Volume II, Wilkes County – Start of Page 180

Page 109–HANCOCK, RICHARD, dec’d. est. Wm. Brook, admr. Returns for 1819. Paid Robt. Moore for making coffin, paid Isaac Lambert for funeral expenses.
Page 140–Returns for 1820. Paid Henry Pope, admr of Isaac Callaway, $32.78.

Page 136–HANSON, MARY, dec’d. est. Walter L. Weems, excr. Returns for 1821, no data.
Page 264–Returns for 1821. Paid Jas. Lowery his legacy. Paid A. H. Gibson $1106, paid Geo. and Caroline Swain $1300, paid Walter H. Weems $733, paid Patience Irwin $1300.
Page 364–Paid Walter H. Weems legacy in full. Paid Geo. Swain. Jr. agt. for five youngest sisters of Mary Hanson, dec’d their legacy agreeable to her will. Paid John R. Golding, excr of John Hodge, $50., part of legacy. Signed Sept. 1, 1823.

Page 163–HARNSBERGER, ROBERT, minor. Adam Harnsberger, gdn. Notes on Adam and Francis Harnsberger and Allen P. Rice on Stephen Harnsberger all made 1820-21.

Page 166–HARNSBERGER, STEPHENS, dec’d. est. Allen P. Rice, admr. Paid several sums to Stephen Z. Harnsberger, Adam harnsberger, gdn of Robt. Harnsberger. Paid Adam, Mary, Frances Harnsberger large amounts. Paid Geo. W. Nolan $575. Aug. 7, 1821.

Page 321–HUFF, CHARLES, dec’d. est. Wm. Lackey, admr. Returns for 1822. Paid John S. Pool, Thos. Harris, William, Susannah, and Washington Huff, and Samuel Lackey in full, and myself, same amount.
Page 327–Minors of Chas. Huff, dec’d, Susanna, Chas., Ann and Fanny to Susanna Huff, gdn. Board and Clothes 1822. (Spelled Hoff in this record).

Page 358–HAY, GILBERT, dec’d. est. Felix G. Hay, excr. Returns 1822-23. Paid tuition for John and Chas. Hay. Paid Mrs. Hay part of her legacy.
Page 391–Returns for 1823. Paid tuition as above. Paid cost of excr. G. Hay vs Catherine Hay.

Page 413–HAMMONS, JACOB, dec’d. est. John Huguley, excr. Returns 1823-24. Paid Champion Allen $788.61, and paid as gdn four times the amount above. Paid for taking out a grant for the est $12, 1820.

Page 473–HAMMONS, JACOB, dec’d. orphans. Champion Allen, gdn. Returns for 1824. Board for Wm., Mary Anne, Barbara Anne, and Lucinda Hammons, and the hire of their slaves, and rent of land to C. Allen.

Page 399–HUGHES, ROBERT, dec’d. est. Division of 18 slaves agreeable to the will. (See Vol. 1, p. 95). Slaves Daniel and Phoebe to the heirs

End of Page 181 – The Early Records of Georgia, Volume II, Wilkes County – Start of Page 182

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

…guardian of the three children of Thomas H. Chivers, towit, Algernon S., James M., and Jane A. Chivers makes returns of board and tuition, calling them her children. Excr. of Thomas H. Crivers, dec’d. towit, Robert Chivers, ordered to pay.

Page 81-83–Josiah W. Pope, dec’d. Lemuel Wootten and Abraham Hill, Sr., appointed Admrs.

Jan. 14, 1823. Personally appeared Joseph Hurley, aged 66 years to make declaration for pension according to Acts of Congress Mar. 18, 1818 and May 1, 1820. He declares he enlisted July 1, 1782 in North Carolina in the Company commanded by Capt. Elijah Moore, first captain, Alex, Brevard, second and Capt. Rhodes, third in the First N. C. Regiment commanded by Lt. Corben Archibold Lyttle under the command of Gen. Nathaniel Greene in the tour of the state of N. C., on Continental establishment; that he served till July 1, 1783, when he was discharged in Charleston, S. C., that he was in the Battle of Waupoocet (?) and that he has no other proof of said service, that he was a citizen of the United States Mar. 18, 1818, that he had not sold or given away property, which property consists of six school books and two books of Divinity, that he has no family residing with him, his occupation heretofore being teacher, his sight now failing he fears dependence. Affidavit Nov. 2, 1822 of William Littleton that Joseph Hurley was a soldier in the Continental Line and served as Orderly and 1st. Sergt., in the First N. C. Regiment “while I was 1st Sergt. and served faithfully till the declaration of Peace at the close of the War.” Sworn to before William Robertson and Samuel Rice, J. P., of Wilkes Co.

Page 83–Petition of Elizabeth Branham, Admr. Spencer Branham, dec’d. to sell the slaves for division.

Page 84–John Cooper, Sr., Security for Ally Huguley, guardian of her children, minor orphans of Job Huguley, dec’d. resigns.

Page 85–Jan. 21, 1823. Sterling Jenkins, dec’d. Will probated Jan. 28, 1823. Washington Huff, dec’d. Solomon Arnold and Harriett Huff appointed Admrs.

Page 86–Feb. 4, 1823. Benjamin Talliaferro, dec’d. Joseph A. Green appointed Admr., as far as the real estate.

Feb. 20. 1823. Jacob McClendon, dec’d. James Walker appointed temporary Admr.

March Term 1823. Petition of John Cantrell for clear titles to Lot No. 48, 1st Dist. Habersham Co., bond for title given 1821 by John Pope, dec’d.

Page 89–Petition of John and Gabriel Spearman, guardians of Anne and Mary Dawson, to make returns to the court of Jasper Co., granted

End of Page 202 – The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County – Start of Page 203

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Lee appointed Admrs. Elizabeth Fluker, dec’d. Isaac Fluker appointed Admx.

Sept. 15, 1823. Armstead E. Stokes, dec’d. Sarah Stokes appointed Admx.

Sept. 18, 1823. Ethelbert F. Semmes, dec’d. Joseph W. Lucket appointed Admr. David Butler, dec’d. Francis W. Butler appointed Admx. William Walker, dec’d. Thomas Wootten appointed Admr.

Page 114–Oct. 24, 1823. Silas Dixon, dec’d. James A. Graves appointed Admr. de bonis non.

Oct. 29, 1823. Charles Wittich, dec’d. Frederick Wittich, appointed Admr.

Page 115–Nov. 3, 1823. Petition of William Arnold, Excr. of Joshua Arnold, dec’d. to sell 360 acres on Kettle creek. Thomas Formby appointed guardian of Edny Robertson, orphan of Peggy Robertson, dec’d. John and Stephen Pettus, Wm. Simpson, Isaac Landon and Thomas Freeman appointed to divide the slaves of Edward Butler, dec’d.

Page 116–Dianah Cade appointed Admx. of Robert Cade, dec’d. Bond for $70,000.00. Sarah Stokes appointed Admx. of Armstead E. Stokes, dec’d. Micajah T. Anthony and William A. Stokes, Security. Bond for $60,000.

Page 117–Abraham Hill, Admr. of Josiah W. Pope, dec’d. allowed to sell two slaves. Petition of William Robertson, Excr. of John Ogletree, dec’d. to divide the estate. Petition of John Huguley and Champion Allen to divide the estate of Jacob Hammons, dec’d.

Page 118–Joseph W. Luckett appointed Admr. with will annexed of Etheldred F. Semmes. John Rorie one of the heirs of Abner Webster, dec’d. complains mismanagement of Elizabeth Webster, Excx. Estate of Robert Hughes, dec’d. ordered to be divided.

Page 119–Henry Pope, Absolom Janes or Jones and Winnifred Callaway, Admrs. of Isaac Callaway, dec’d. allowed to sell real estate. George W. Carter chooses A. Lane guardian.

Page 120–Nov. 17, 1823. Silas Dixon, dec’d. Charles R. Carter appointed Admr. Jesse M. Chaudoian, dec’d. Anderson Riddle and Zimri W. Tate appointed Admrs. Allen R. Wootten, dec’d. Richard B. Wootten appointed Admr. Francis Gideon, dec’d. Elizabeth Gideon appointed Admx. with will annexed.

Dec. 10, 1823. James Perry, dec’d. Josiah Perry appointed Admr. Ludwell Fullilove, dec’d. Elizabeth and Willis Fullilove appointed Admrs.

Page 121–Dec. 19, 1823. Polly Paxton, dec’d. Milton Paxton appointed Admr.

Dec. 24, 1823. Jubal Early, dec’d. Duncan G. Campbell appointed Admr.

End of Page 205 – The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County – Start of Page 206

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I knew about when and where to look, and I knew that familysearch.org had digitized probate records. Could I find the appraisal records for the estate of Alley Huguley?



Alley Huguleys Appraisment

Mind you, this all began as a quest for finding out more about Zeke (Ezeakial) Huguley born about 1842.

Alley Huguleys Appraisment 1

Alley Huguleys Appraisment 2

Alley Huguleys Appraisment 3


Did you see him there in that image above?


How can you help but feel joy and sadness to have found (!!!) 6 year old little Ezekail, listed right there next to the mule?


My Head’s Gonna Explode

As I was saying…

“Names that caught my eye are:

Green, Brooks, Smith, Bailey, Hunter, Calloway, Erwin, King, Germany, Tucker, Burton, Johnson, Owens, Williams, Floyd, Vines, Jackson, Allan, Hicks, Meadows, McCord, Tinsley, Heard, Kinebrew, Meadows, Bickerstaff.

These are the names I see on trees of our DNA cousins, or in Census and other records relevant for our family that were in Chambers County, Alabama and Troup County, Georgia.  Will future research be able to connect these new found Tallapoosa families to those that I’ve already looked at in other contexts?”

So I’m looking at DNA cousins this morning, trying to pick out ones with roots in Tallapoosa. I come across one with this branch, as well as including Askew and Fitzpatrick on other branches.  Those are surnames familiar to me, and we know that Huguley as recorded in my tree is also seen as Hughley.

James Hughley

So I start looking in my tree to see if maybe I already have James.  He looks to be a possible match to the son of Zeke already in my tree, so I send a message to the tree owner.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

I wonder if your James was the son of Zeke in this 1880 Census

1880 United States Federal Census

Name: Zeke Hughley
Age: 38
Birth Date: Abt 1842
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1880: Daviston, Tallapoosa, Alabama, USA
Dwelling Number: 33
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mary Hughley
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Occupation: Farmer
Cannot Read: Yes
Cannot Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Zeke Hughley 38
Mary Hughley 35
Walter Hughley 14
Osborn Hughley 12
James Hughley 11
George Hughley 9
Alice Hughley 7
Zeke Hughley 6
Liza Hughley 4
Henry Hughley 9/12

This would be the same family in 1870
Name: Ezekial Huguly
Age in 1870: 25
Birth Year: abt 1845
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1870: Beat 7, Chambers, Alabama
Race: Mulatto
Gender: Male
Post Office: Chambers
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Ezekial Huguly 25
Mary Huguly 23
Walter Huguly 5
Osborn Huguly 3
Robert Cox 22

OH WOW… I looked up Zeke in my tree:

I was just working on his first wife yesterday.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Yesterday I wrote about Patsey Heard having children by Richard Kent Heard.  Cecilia Heard, second wife of Zeke was one of these children.  (I erred in my correspondence, Zeke’s first wife Mary was mother of James, Zeke’s second wife Cecilia was daughter of Patsey.)

This is all so intriguing to me.  When I looked at hints for other trees with Zeke and son James…one of the first trees I hit on was from a DNA cousin I had been working with.  One that was knowledgeable in how Richard Kent Heard connected to her family and other shared DNA cousins. (see parts 1 -3 in my previous post) And this cousin had James with wife Clara and kids in her tree.

James Hughley Tree Compare

When I went to grab a visual, I saw I already had one from a posting in March of 2016.  Besides this Zeke connection to the Heard family, (with his first wife) he was the father of Caudie Hughley.  Her daughter Mary married Perry Burton, brother to our Harriet Burton.  If the name Perry Burton sounds familiar, it was his descendant Ken Burton who shared with us the information that allows us to trace our lines back to Harry and Rosa.

Cecilia Heard in tree

To a geek like me, this is all very interesting, but what does it mean in terms of a new DNA discovery?  Though I had been working on the Heard side of the tree when stumbling upon this new match, I see it is a shared match with Willie Joe and maternal cousin Bobby.  The shared DNA with Willie Joe and this new match is 51 centimorgans shared across 5 DNA segments.  The shared DNA with Bobby and this new match is 43 centimorgans shared across 3 DNA segments.  Each is predicted to be a 4th to 6th cousin to this new match.  A fourth cousin would share Great Great Great Grandparents.  Willie Joe and Bobby share Whitaker-Hughley, Bailey, Burton and Winston lines.  For Willie Joe, counting back his mother is Ruth Lucille Whitaker, his Grandfather is Frank Hughley.  (For Bobby, Frank Hughley is his Great Grandfather.)  We lose the trail to Frank’s parents but strongly suspect it was a union of the slaveholding George Hughley and a currently unidentified enslaved woman.

I have to wonder, were Frank and Zeke cousins, second cousins?  Will we figure out the link?

UPDATE:  Our Whitaker cousin shared the results of his Y-DNA test.  His mail line is unbroken back to Frank Whitaker AKA Hughley.  His Y Haplo-group is E-M2.  FTDNA tells us: Haplogroup E is an African lineage. It is currently believed that this haplogroup dispersed south from northern Africa with the Bantu agricultural expansion. E is also the most common lineage among African Americans. It is a diverse haplogroup with many branches and is found distributed throughout Africa today. It is also found at a very low frequency in North Africa and the Middle East.  In light of this information, it is more likely the father of Frank was an enslaved male among those associated with the Hughley family.

Alley Huguleys Appraisment - Enslaved Persons

Is Ezekeil’s father among the men named: George, Charles, Dave, Bryant, Harry and Jefferson?

Is Ezekeil’s mother Alsey, Rilles?, Patience, or Mary?

Are we on the right track, and can we establish Ezekeil and Frank were brothers sharing the same parents?




The map of Alabama and our Family Pt3

What do I make of the surnames (on the 1866 Alabama census of Tallapoosa County) surrounding Lydia, R.K., and Patsey Heard and their appearance around our kin found in Chambers County?

1831-1832 Map of Alabama

When researching other areas my kin have settled, I’ve been reminded these areas did not come with lines drawn across the valley, or other features; these were just regions with no unique identities established in the early years.  Did some of these large plantation owning families I’ve become familiar with, just spread out, as they moved westward from Georgia and other areas, with families settling where they found good land, not necessarily congregating in any particular county?

Names that caught my eye are:

Green, Brooks, Smith, Bailey, Hunter, Calloway, Erwin, King, Germany, Tucker, Burton, Johnson, Owens, Williams, Floyd, Vines, Jackson, Allan, Hicks, Meadows, McCord, Tinsley, Heard, Kinebrew, Meadows, Bickerstaff.

These are the names I see on trees of our DNA cousins, or in Census and other relevant records for our family that were in Chambers County, Alabama and Troup County, Georgia.  Will future research be able to connect these new found Tallapoosa families to those that I’ve already looked at in other contexts?

The Map of Alabama and our Family Pt2

I concluded my last entry with:

West of Chambers is Tallapoosa, and … Dudleyville is in Tallapoosa barely inside it’s border with Chambers County.
I included the line “[Stephen T Heard had a distant cousin Richard Kent Heard who was born in Abbeville, South Carolina in 1830, but more about him in a moment.] ” Actually I’ll save this until ‘part 2’.   To tell this story I needed to establish Dudleyville in relation to Chambers County.  Can we use our DNA cousins to tie to together the genealogy as well as the Geography?
Here we are in part 2.
As a reminder, from interviews with a daughter of Uncle Sandy in our line, in my notes is the item, “She had understood that Wes Heard had lived in the area of Tallapoosa before moving to “Greenwood” then Lanett.  ”  We infer Wes arrived there sometime after being recorded in the 1870 census living in Georgia next to S.T. Heard, cousin to R.K. Heard.
Let me continue the story line quoting from some correspondence with DNA cousin Maurice:
(Cousin Maurice’s reference to his great grandmother, she…) was Leola Heard, and Earnest was Leola’s father. So, Earnest is my 2nd great grandfather and Albert would have been my 2nd great uncle. It seems that (DNA cousin) Robert and my granddad are 2nd cousins and Cousin Anna is my great grandmom’s 1st cousin.

I’ve heard almost an exact description of Papa Fotch (Earnest) as Uncle Albert. I was told that he was a tall, fair-skinned man with straight black hair.

My great grandmother (his daughter) was also very fair-skinned, with long wavy hair. There’s a photo of her on my tree.

… I do have a photo of two of Earnest’s other children (Lillie Belle and Floyd) though.

Papa Fotch was born in Dudleyville, AL and moved …

Dudleyville is on the western edge of Tallapoosa county, bordering on Chambers County.
I’m revisiting this research, and connections to Heard cousins, per recent contact from a descendant of Richard Kent Heard.
Note Lydia Heard, and R.K. Heard are on the following page of the 1866 Alabama census.
Lydia Heard 1866 img328
Patsey Heard is included on the page below.
Patsey Heard 1866 img404
Here are notes I saved to my tree per my analysis of the above:
The purpose of the above was to correlate a page with a set of names on the Whites only 1866 Alabama State Census, picking the page which included Lydia Heard, and the Colored 1866 Alabama State Census using the page that included Patsey Heard. Near Lydia on the white page was R K Heard (her son Richard Kent Heard). The thought behind this is the above is the first post emancipation document that would likely list the household in an order very close to that which existed pre-emancipation. The expectation would be surnames on the Colored page would have a correlation with the names on the white page. The following names appear near the Heard surnames on both the whites only and colored pages referenced.
Heard, Smith, Berry, Henderson, Brooks
It would appear there is sufficient correlation with these sets of families to infer they lived in proximity to each other, and those on the Colored page likely were enslaved by and associated with the white families with corresponding surnames. The proximity of Richard Kent Heard to Patsey Heard supports the finding of others who report Patsey had children fathered by Richard Kent Heard.  One of these children, Raliegh Pig Heard has the following death record:
Birth Date abt 1876
Birth Place Tallapoosa
Death Date 12 Mar
Death Place Camp Hill, Tallapoosa, Alabama
Burial Date 13 Mar 1926
Burial Place Oziah Church
Death Age 50
Occupation Farmer
Race Black
Marital Status Married
Gender Male
Father Name Dick Heard
Father Birth Place Alabama
Mother Name Patsy Heard
Spouse Name Francis Heard
FHL Film Number 1908280

Earnest Fotch Heard, nephew of Raliegh Pig Heard has the following pedigree.  (Note we have at least two DNA cousins that go back to Richard Kent Heard and Patsey.)

Earnest Fotch Heard

But what do I make of the surnames surrounding Lydia, R.K., and Patsey and their appearance around our kin found in Chambers County?


The Map of Alabama and Our Family Pt1

Where my mind’s at this morning, is thinking through how the different branches of our family intersected, and where.  The anchor in my mind of our families is the group of folks we find in Chambers County, Alabama from the 1870’s on leading to the marriage of Joe Heard and Ruth Lucille Whitaker.

1810 Alabama and Our Family

Of course the timeline for our ancestors goes back to the beginning of time, but let me use the year 1810 for this exercise.  1810 is the approximate year of birth for Major Bailey, one of the first ancestors we were able to find pre-emancipation records for.  1810 was only 7 years after the Louisiana Purchase.  There was no such thing as Chambers County.  There was no such thing as Alabama.  These lands to later be the home of our family were at that time designated as Creek Lands in the Mississippi Territory.

In our Heard line we don’t pick up the trail until more than 50 years later when we see our Wess Heard in the 1870 Census.  He is a mere 17 at the time.  The circumstances of the 1870 Census lead us to believe he and his family had been laboring for Stephen T. Heard, son of Carroll Barnard Heard, who was son of Governor Heard. [Stephen T Heard had a distant cousin Richard Kent Heard who was born in Abbeville, South Carolina in 1830, but more about him in a moment.]  Wess Heard and family are in Dooley County, Georgia in 1870.  We don’t pick up Mattie Allen, for sure, until after her marriage to Wess Heard, though we believe she is in the household of Minnie Heard in the 1880 Census in Murray County, Georgia.

Over on the Huguley-Whitaker side of things, we have Frank Huguley born about 1845.  The 1870 and 1880 censuses are in conflict as to whether he was born in Georgia or Alabama.  In my earlier discussion of the 1866 Alabama State Census for Chambers County,  as compared to the 1870 census, I point out one of Frank’s neighbors: ” W.H. Huguley (white) is William Henderson Huguley, son of George Huguley (white) in the 1866 census excerpt discussed above.”  In my research in to Hezekiah F Erwin (documented in another entry), I had found, in the documentation of an Alabama Supreme Court case, “Wyche S. Jackson, administrator of Hezekiah F. Erwin, was the son-in-law of George Huguley and brother in law to W. H. Huguley and Reuben Jones. They were at the time of signing the bond all men of wealth.”  Elsewhere I’ve discussed the Erwin, Winston and other connections as it relates to our relatives Major Bailey and Susan Jackson. Perhaps when our Carrie Bailey (granddaughter of Major and Susan) married Stonewall Huguley AKA Whitaker it was the culmination of multi-generational connections. Based on the geography of George living next to Frank, and the accumulation of DNA cousins leading back to the same lines, George Huguley is the chief candidate as father to Frank Huguley.  Even if the relationship was only one of servitude, the migration pattern of George would be important in understanding the roots of our kin.

While looking for biographical information on George Huguley I came across these two offerings.

Comments on Geo Whitfield Huguley by Thad Huguley: George Huguley married Mary “Polly” Dallis in Lincoln County, Georgia, on June 7, 1827. Around 1833, they uprooted and moved the family to Troup County, Georgia. He then moved to “New Alabama,” as recently opened territory across the Chattahoochee River was called, and he settled in Chambers County in what we now know as Huguley, Alabama. In 1866, he built the first cotton mill in Chambers County, which was the beginning of what would become West Point Pepperell. Polly was only 39 when she died in childbirth, but in that short time she gave birth to 11 children…
More information on George Huguley can be found here:
Above I showed an Alabama map from 1810.  That map and the following are from:
I want to return to the discussion of the map of Alabama, and what was it like when our earliest traced ancestors arrived.  From the above we know that George Huguley  came to “New Alabama” shortly after 1833. (Perhaps 12 years prior to the birth of our Frank.)
1831-1832 Map of Alabama
What the above map illustrates is that in 1831 in the middle of the state and extending to the eastern boundary of Georgia were three large counties: St. Clair County at the top of the three, then Shelby County, and the most southern of the three was Montgomery County.
In 1832 this eastern portion of Alabama underwent many changes.
1832 Alabama Map Changes
Among the newly created counties was Chambers and Tallapoosa on it’s western border.  Just south of these two were Macon and Russell counties.   As I accumulate records and try to understand the roots of our family, I’m left to wonder when I find the same surnames across these counties just named, are they all of the same root families?  When you see it in these maps, all these counties of interest bordering one another, that we might have the same families spread-out is very plausible.  But later as more counties are formed and the originals subdivided it perhaps suggests the illusion that they are now farther apart.
1839-1840 Map of Alabama
1843-1846 Map of Alabama
1866 Alabama Map
The 1866 map to my eyes just looks more clustered than a look back to the 1831 map. The map of “our” part of Alabama was pretty stable between 1846 and 1866 when Lee County was inserted between Chambers and Russell, among other changes.
What started me on this journey of looking at maps of Alabama and wondering if certain counties were close to one another at one time, was a search for the roots of our Heard line.
In my notes from an interview with a niece of our Joe Heard was the following piece of information, “She confirmed Grandma Mattie had lived with her family after the passing of Wes Heard.  She had understood that Wes Heard had lived in the area of Tallapoosa before moving to “Greenwood” then Lanett.
Dudleyville The map shown here is from wikipedia.  When looking at the eastern border of Alabama, it’s easy to spot Russell County with its little triangle pointing eastward.  Above Russell is Lee, above Lee is Chambers.  West of Chambers is Tallapoosa, and as illustrated, Dudleyville is in Tallapoosa barely inside it’s border with Chambers County.
Above I included the line “[Stephen T Heard had a distant cousin Richard Kent Heard who was born in Abbeville, South Carolina in 1830, but more about him in a moment.] ” Actually I’ll save this until ‘part 2’.  To tell this story I needed to establish Dudleyville in relation to Chambers County.  Can we use our DNA cousins to tie to together the genealogy as well as the Geography?

Howdy Neighbor

This morning our distant cousin Kenneth Burton sent me photo copies from a couple of pages in a book on the Jacob Burton family of Chambers County, Alabama.  Kenneth has done  a lot of work on this line and is sharing has been invaluable.  It is through his work we know of our furthest back African American ancestor, Harry Burton born about 1796.

As that sinks in to me, we can confidently make the following inference.  As the 1848 document is similar to the 1864 version (full analysis is pending) we know that Harry and Rosa were associated with the family well before the 1840 census, accounting for Jacob’s knowledge of the families, spouses and children, of those he enslaved.  A quick look at the 1840 census and the information about those held as slaves we see the following:

Slaves – Males – Under 10: 6
Slaves – Males – 10 thru 23: 4
Slaves – Males – 36 thru 54: 1
Slaves – Females – Under 10: 8
Slaves – Females – 10 thru 23: 5
Slaves – Females – 24 thru 35: 3

Harry was listed as being 54 years old in 1848. That would correlate as being 46 years old in 1840. The one male 36 – 54 is therefore Harry. Our understanding is that Rosa was born about 1805, and she would be one of the females aged 24-35 in 1840.  We can state with confidence, nearly 25 years before the news of emancipation reached them, we *know* where Harry and Rosa were.

That’s sinking in, I can tell my grandkids of their ancestors on this line going back 8 generations – themselves, their dad, Poppa, Big Grandma, her mother Ruth, “Grandma Carrie” as referred to by their great grandmother, Carrie’s mother Harriet, to her father Jeff Burton, to his parents Harry and Rosa, residents of Chambers County, Alabama in 1840.

From the 1848 version of the will we know the family they were surrounded by, including the kin that didn’t share their bloodlines.

Jacob Burton 1848 WillJacob Burton 1848 Will page 2

But it hit me this morning, we know more about the relationships they were forming outside of those enslaved by Jacob Burton.  I hadn’t realized before this morning, on the 1850 Federal Census, in consecutively numbered households, we have Thomas B Erwin and Jacob Burton.  We know Thomas as brother of Hezikiah F Erwin, and wife Elizabeth Owen as daughter of Robert Owen.  We know these families were neighbors and by implication those they enslaved were living nearby as neighbors.

Thomas B Erwin 1850Jacob Burton 1850

As of 1850, how many people were enslaved by these families, at the Chambers County, Alabama location? How many of our DNA cousins, at this late date, can be tracked back to these sets of families?

I reviewed the 1850 “Slave Census” for Chambers County.  In 1850 we see Thomas B Erwin is associated with 45 people held as slaves.  For Jacob Burton we see 36 people were held as slaves (appearing just below Thomas B Erwin).

What more can we learn of the lives of our kin in the 1850’s, 1840’s and earlier?

Seeing Some of the Puzzle Pieces in the 1870 Census


I’ve been working this puzzle for awhile now, trying to figure out what family paths lead to a set of cousins sharing DNA on Chromosome 14.  I’m not quite sure I’ve got that figured out, but I’m finding a pattern that various DNA matches over and over again lead us back to a certain grouping of families.  Note, those matches from AncestryDNA that have not yet uploaded to GEDmatch, can not be tied to any particular chromosome, but can be tied to each other through the AncestryDNA tools.

Excuse a moment of geek speak here.  It’ll help me to remember what I was thinking when I come back and read this months from now.

My purpose here is to record how some of these pieces are falling together by tying together some neighbors on a Troup County, Georgia 1870 Census, and a group of DNA matches.  GROUP OF DNA MATCHES… in the process of writing this I’ve come to the realization that the knowledge of the web of families that I’m discussing here is Holistic…it’s the knowledge I’ve gained from researching the set of DNA matches for the set of cousins we have DNA kits for.   At times the relationships I’ll discuss below will apply to only one kit, and is not triangulated.  Other times it’s a cluster of inter-related DNA matches…but to write about these families, I have to use a 10,000 ft view, not writing about any one cousin, or any one DNA segment…but using the picture in my head that’s been painted by researching these folks as a set of cousins all belonging on one very interwoven tree.  I know I did not say that well, like life and families, this is complex.

Here goes.

I got to this particular page of the Census by following up on DNA match “R.W.”  The tester involved is old enough to know the family history of her grandfather who was born before the Civil War.  Her grandmother, Margarett Winston, was an enslaved woman of African Ancestry, and her step-grandfather Hope Winston, was of similar background, but her biological grandfather was European.  Both the grandmother and step-grandfather carried the Winston surname before marriage suggesting they were both enslaved by the Winston family, and a Winston, or a close associate, was the likely DNA contributor.  Margarett aka Millie is seen as a ten year old as part of a family headed by Aleck Winston.

1870 Aleck Winston

Family 205 is Aleck Winston’s Household (B).

Family 206 is headed James Winston (B)

Family 208 is headed by Daniel Ward (B) – Ward is a surname that had been relevant in recent work on the chromosome 14 mystery.  Just below is a Bell family.  Bell had come recently as a surname of interest…perhaps it would turn out to be relevant that on a Winston branch of our tree we have a John Bell Williams (per a Williams-Winston marriage in that line).  It was time to see who else was in the neighborhood.

Family 209 is headed by Moriah Bell (B)

Family 212 is headed by R. Clemmons ( W ) – Perhaps it’s only coincidence that one of my knowledgeable contacts on the Hope Winston extended family carries the Clemmons surname…and may have come to it by marriage, but what else could be seen by looking back a page or two, and looking forward a page or two.

Family 179 Marshal Hill (B) – We have Hill  intersections at various places in our tree.

Family 182 Aleck Griggs (B) – As I had learned from correspondence with my Clemmons contact, descendants of a cluster related to Owens/Winston (that of Hope Winston) and other families,  there is a marriage in to a Griggs family.

Family 183 Linda Reid (B) – Reid/Reed is in a cluster of families of DNA matches.  In our family there was “Uncle Buck”, Robert Whitaker who married Henrietta Burton. Robert was the grandson of Agnes Winston and Frank Whitaker AKA Huguley.  In 1910 Robert had a niece Mattie Lou Reed living in his household. (Her biological parents are an open question.)

Family 184 Tom Thornton (B)

1870 Mariah Winston

Family 185 Mariah Winston (B) – My knowledge of where Mariah Winston fits come from the puzzle pieces from a couple of different matches (Writeli and Maryalice).  The screen shot below is likely difficult to read, but it illustrates the path where we have Mariah Winston who was the mother of Nancy Winston who was united with Joseph Davidson.  Together they had a number of children which included a son Robert Lee Davidson who went on to marry a woman whose maiden name was also Davidson.  His wife being Lucilla Davidson.

Mariah Winston

But we had already met Lucilla Davidson in another context.  DNA cousin writeli is a descendant of Burrell Prince Davidson and Artimesia Heard.  (Artimesia is a descendant of Robert Kent Heard and an enslaved woman.  Robert Kent Heard is a descendant of the same family that gave us Governor Stephen Heard that I’ve written about previously.  Governor Stephen Heard’s grandson was the neighbor of our Wess Heard in the 1870 census of Dooley County, Georgia.)  It’s interesting that Lucilla is a child of Artimesia Heard and Burrell Prince Davidson.

Burrell Prince Davidson

Family 188 W. B. Johnson ( W ) – We have various Johnson intersections in the trees of our matches.

Family 189 (M) – Jane Ward

Family 193 ( W ) – William Collins – It is unclear if this William Collins is related to another Collins I have written of – Terry Collins.  On an 1850 slave schedule his name was written with reference to three Erwin children.

Family 199 ( W ) – Thomas Winston Erwin – Son of Hezekiah F Erwin and Mary Johnson Winston.

Hope Winston 1870

Family 200 (B) – Bardary Winston

I wrote extensively about the family connections related to this family in May of 2016.  Note the child Hope Winston in this family is the Step-Grandfather referred to earlier in the first few paragraphs of this discussion of the 1870 census.  Here’s a link to the May of 2016 blog.


There are other Winstons and Erwins on this page, but this looks like a nice bookend to close this discussion.

Besides, I have breaking news on another front.  I sent a text to granddaughter Trin, “I just found another 40 pound Hershey bar.”  Are you curious?


In Search of Susan Bailey Pt 4

Dan Bailey and Harriet Burton

To recap just a touch, my son’s grandmother knew her grandma Carrie Bailey, and Carrie was the daughter of Dan Bailey and Harriet Burton pictured above.  We knew they had lived, and were buried in Chambers County, Alabama.  Early on we figured out Dan was the son of Major Bailey, and his wife Susan.  At first all we had was Susan Bailey from the census records.  It took a bit longer, but through a daughter’s marriage record, and the kindness of shared research with distant cousins we were able to identify her as Susan Jackson.

It has only been less days than I can count on my fingers that we have had any solid leads as to the source of the Jackson surname.  If you go back and read parts 1 -3 you can see how those leads have been developing.

It seems likely Susan Jackson was associated with Cookshay Plantation, in Chambers County, Alabama.  This plantation was once owned by Dr Henry Jackson, and upon his death it passed jointly to his widow Martha Rootes Cobb Jackson, and their daughters Martha Jackson and Sarah Jackson.

The daughter Martha Jackson married Hezekiah Erwin, and had a daughter Sarah M Erwin.  Daughter Martha died shortly there after leaving Hezekiah Erwin a widower with a small daughter. Below are the transcribed summaries of the 1850 census records for Martha Jackson (mother in law to Hezekiah), Hezekiah’s household including his young daughter who was sharing time in her grandmother’s household, and the household of Robert Owen.  In 1850 the man we came to know as Major Bailey was enslaved by Robert Owen as documented in Robert’s estate papers.  In 1850 son Thomas Owen (to whom Major was to pass per the estate papers) is in this household, Abel Erwin younger brother of Hezekiah is in the Owen household, and Robert’s daughter Elizabeth.  Elizabeth is designated as an heiress in Robert’s estate papers, but by that time she had become Elizabeth Erwin, wife of Abel and Hezekiah’s brother John B Erwin.

1850 Households Susan Jackson Related

I point this out as they were all residents of District 19, Chambers County, Alabama. It would seem this proximity would have allowed Susan and Major to have conceived children together in this era.  The 1870 census suggests Major was born about 1810 and Susan 1820, but I suspect Susan was older.  She would have to be older for Jordan to be her child, though it is possible Jordan was only a half brother to our Dan Bailey.

Children of Major and Susan

Martha Jackson passed away in 1853, and her estate was settled in Washington County, Georgia.  Included below is a portion of her will, including those signing as witnesses.

Martha Jackson Will - Witnesses

I certainly wonder if there was any relationship between William Bailey on this will and Allen L Bailey of Chambers County.  Even if there was no relationship there, we have established other paths to a connection between the Erwins, Owens and Baileys.  We know in the text of Martha’s will and in other writings available on the family they held as a priority respecting the family units among those that they enslaved.  We know they supported “marriages abroad”, which was a reference to spouses living in nearby plantations that were granted traveling passes to spend time together.

With all this discussion of possibilities, it begs the question is there anything that supports showing Susan Jackson among those enslaved by the Jacksons.  There are some females who could be of Susan’s age or slightly older in the 1850 Slave Schedule for Martha Jackson – a part of which is shown below.

Martha Jackson 1850 Partial Slave Schedule

The writing of this census taker is at times hard to read, the ages are not always clear, and whether there is a B for Black or M for Mulatto is not always clear.  But what is clear is that check mark next to one of the names that appears to be a male designated as mulatto.  That check mark is in a column labeled “fugitive of the state”.  You have to wonder what was his story? Did Susan know him well?  Perhaps a brother or half-brother, or just kin by the sense of community that evolved on a plantation.  Did he make it, did he obtain his freedom and keep it prior to emancipation?

In Search of Susan Bailey Pt 3

So at this point I have some names of plantation owners possibly associated with our Susan Jackson.  We have the widowed Martha Jacquelin Rootes Cobb Jackson, her daughter Martha Jackson, and the younger Martha’s husband Hezekiah Erwin.  Henry Jackson had passed away in 1840 and we had the appraisal of his estate in Athens, Clarke County, Georgia.  Add to this the knowledge that in Athens, Clarke County Georgia he owned Halscot Plantation and in Cusseta, Chambers County, Alabama he owned Cookshay Plantation.  This is an explosion of knowledge compared to a few days earlier, but what more could we learn?  I’ll share what was in the estate folder from Athens County.

HJ Estate_3QS7-99QW-RDW9HJ Estate_3QS7-99QW-RDWM



HJ Estate_3QS7-99QW-RDXJ

I was a bit perplexed, that this was a full and complete inventory, yet it didn’t appear to address his holdings in Alabama.  We know the family had not disposed of the property between it’s purchase and Henry Jackson’s death in 1840.   Let me share more of what we know in regard to Cookshay Plantation.

My source here is Sold Down the River: Slavery in the Lower Chattahoochee Valley of Alabama and Georgia, Anthony Gene Carey, Historic Chattahoochee Commission, University of Alabama Press, Aug 31, 2011.  I’ll quote a brief passage on pages 172 – 173.  It discussed when Cookshay was sold and also gives details of some of the enslaved people on the plantation.

“The slaves at Cookshay numbered forty-six in 1847, of which twenty-five were working hands. They tended around four hundred acres of crops; a little over half the acres were in cotton. The community was the product of growth over generations. There were half a dozen or so family groupings, as well as a handful of single slaves.  Eight slaves had been born in the eighteenth century. Sarah and Prince, a couple, were simply listed on the plantation roster as old.

Martha Jackson, who herself was born in 1786, probably did not know their exact ages.  Frank and Juno, another couple, had been born in 1773 and 1786, respectively.  Joshua and Fanny, and Louis and Patty, two more couples, were relative youngsters; the four were born between 1788 and 1794.  Several of these slaves were the parents of slaves who were having children of their own by the mid-nineteenth century.  For example, Frank and Juno’s daughter, Hester, had two children of her own; one of Louis and Patsy’s daughters, Lucy had three.  The fecundity of some Cookshay couples was notable even by nineteenth century standards.  John was nine years older than his wife Daphne, who had their first child in 1833, when she was fifteen years old. By 1851 they had eleven children, seven of them girls.  Peggy was several years younger than her husband James, and they had ten children between 1833 and 1850, including twin boys, James and Lewis.  In sharp contrast, Billy and Matilda, born in 1803 and 1805, respectively, were still childless in the late 1840s, although they must have been a married couple for many, many, years by then.  William Hooker was Silla’s husband and they had seven children. William Hart, though, either remained unmarried into his thirties or had a wife abroad…

Martha Jackson endeavored to keep slave families together despite estate issues, absenteeism, and a couple of long distance moves, one from Athens to Cookshay, then from Cookshay to Washington County, Georgia when Martha Jackson sold Cookshay to her son-in-law Hezekiah F. Erwin in 1850.  (Erwin was by then the widower of the younger Martha Jackson, whose early death had left a child behind.)…”

The potential to make a breakthrough here is pretty amazing.  I’m corresponding with the author Kirsten who has offered to share anything in her research that might help us find Susan.  Hopefully she has the will, and inventory having to do with Henry’s passing.  I wonder what we can find on Cookshay in the years between when Hezekiah Erwin became owner and emancipation?





In Search of Susan Bailey Pt 2

In Search of Susan Bailey

So what could we find out about Martha Jackson, wife of Hezekiah Erwin, and her family?  Any one reading this, that hasn’t yet read part 1, I encourage you to go back to meet some of the folks I’m talking about and why they have the potential to be important in our search for Susan Jackson.

Martha Jackson, wife of Hezekiah Erwin, was the daughter of Martha Jacquelin (formerly Rootes) Jackson.  I was excited to find out so much about her.  I’ve even contacted the author of one of the books where she is prominently featured, and thanked her for publishing her research.  She’s offered to share her notes with me, as they may pertain to my search for Susan Jackson.  Let’s focus on Martha Jacquelin (Roote)s Jackson for a moment. (There will be a bit of name dropping here, but it’s important in noticing the same pattern in the trees of our DNA matches.)  This quotes from an attachment I’m creating for my family tree.


The following two books provide more information on Martha Rootes Cobb Jackson:


Masterful Women: Slaveholding Widows from the American Revolution through the Civil War, Kirsten E Wood,Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004

Sold Down the River: Slavery in the Lower Chattahoochee Valley of Alabama and Georgia, Anthony Gene Carey, Historic Chattahoochee Commission,University of Alabama Press, Aug 31, 2011


Martha Rootes was the daughter of Thomas Reade Rootes and Sarah Battaile. Her first marriage was to Howell Cobb who died in 1818 and was buried at their Cherry Hill Plantation, in Jefferson County, Georgia. Those he enslaved were to pass to his wife during her widowhood, and then on to his brother if she remarried.  In 1819 she remarried to Henry Jackson.  They owned land in Athens County, Georgia, as well as Cookshay Plantation(purchased in 1836), located in Cussetta, Chambers County, Alabama.  She was again widowed in 1840 while they were residents of Athens County, Georgia.

In the work of Kirsten E Wood, she documents the political positions held by various relatives including Martha’s husband, older brother, various Cobb relatives, and her son Henry Rootes Jackson.  Among the supporters of Henry Rootes Jackson was Wilson Lumpkin (a surname important in our lines).


The subject of the political biographies of Martha’s husband Henry Jackson and various family members of this couple is elaborated on in this passage from, REMINISCENCES OF FAMOUS GEORGIANS (LUCIAN LAMAR KNIGHT, M. A., Atlanta Georgia, FRANKLIN=TURNER COMPANY 1907), beginning at the bottom of page 507. In this passage there is a transition from a discussion of Henry Jackson’s older brother who served as Govenor of Georgia:

Some time after the Revolution Governor Jackson was joined in Savannah by a brother several years younger than himself, Dr. Henry Jackson, an eminent scientific scholar, who was called to a professorship in the State University in 1811.

Two years later Dr.Jackson was given a leave of absence for the purpose of accompanying Ambassador William H. Crawford to thecourt of Napoleon; and he remained in Paris until after the famous return from Elba.


Mr. A. L. Hull, in his “Sketch of the University of Georgia,” narrates an incident which fits into this immediate connection.Says he: “While passing through Washington on his way abroad, Dr. Jackson met a lady to whom he was singularly attracted, but the fact of her husband being very much alive was an insuperable objection to his making it known to her. On his return from Europe he heard that she was a widow, and so soon as propriety permitted, he paid her his addresses and was married to her. The lady was the widow of Howell Lewis Cobb, Congressman from Georgia and uncle to Governor Howell Cobb.”


If Dr. Jackson was not twice married the lady who became his wife according to the incident above narrated, was originally Miss Rootes, daughter of Thomas Reade Rootes, of Fredericksburg, Virginia, and sister of Sarah, who married Howell Lewis Cobb’s other brother, John A. Cobb. Dr. Jackson was long connected with the State University; and, after withdrawing from active service, he retired to his home place near Athens, which he called “Halscot,” probably coined from “Henry’s Cottage.” His distinguished son, General Henry Rootes Jackson, was one of Georgia’s greatest men. He was lawyer, orator, poet, diplomat and soldier. It was during his boyhood days around Athens that he caught his inspiration for “The Red Old Hills of Georgia.” He served with distinction in two wars, represented the United States government at Vienna and Mexico, declined the chancellorship of the State University, and earned one of the largest professional incomes in Georgia.


Captain Henry Jackson, one of the most prominent lawyers of this State, was the son of General Henry R. Jackson. He was rapidly advancing to still higher honors when death prematurely checked his brilliant career. Captain Jackson married Miss Cobb, of Athens, daughter of General Thomas R. R. Cobb.


It will be seen from the matrimonial data of this brief outline sketch that the Cobbs and the Jacksons, like the Cobbs and the Lamars, have frequently intermarried; and the determination of precise kinship between some of the members of the family connection resolves itself into an interesting problem of genealogical entanglement which has to be solved by higher mathematics.


(Perhaps the reference to Halscot Plantation can be a research lead to more data on the enslaved population associated with this family.)

Another source with similar information: Dr. Henry Jackson was born at Moreton, Devonshire, England in 1778, the younger brother of Governor James Jackson of Georgia. He came to Savannah at the age of 12 and graduated from the Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1802. He was professor of mathematics at the University of Georgia from 1811-1813 and 1818-1828. Jackson was the Secretary of the American Legation at Paris, 1813-1818, under William H. Crawford. He married Martha Jacquelin Rootes Cobb in 1818. They had one son, Henry Rootes Jackson, of Savannah and two daughters, Sarah Jackson (Prince) and Martha Jackson (Erwin). Henry Jackson died at Athens, Georgia in 1840 and is buried in Oconee Hill Cemetery.

From the description of Henry Jackson papers, 1800-1840. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 462090352

(The above information on his medical college explains the reference to his as Dr Henry Jackson.)

Again referencing the work of Kirsten E Wood, in reference to the politics of various family members she makes mention of Hezekiah F Erwin coming to court her daughter.  As mentioned, Martha was widowed in 1840 and was running their property in Athens, Georgia as well as Cookshay plantation in Chambers County, Alabama.

The other book mentioned, Sold Down the River: Slavery in the Lower Chattahoochee Valley of Alabama …By Anthony Gene Carey, Historic Chattahoochee also provides details, to quote from that source, ” In addition to a plantation near Athens, the Jacksons owned a plantation called Cookshay near Cusseta in Chambers County, Alabama, which Martha Jackson managed through the 1840’s, with the help of overseers, her son Henry R Jackson, and her adolescent daughters.  Martha Jackson was mostly an absentee owner, staying in Athens and Savannah, her son was an attorney in the later city.  She lived at the plantation for considerable periods, however, especially in the late 1840’s, and when absent received regular reports on matters at Cookshay.  By the provisions of Henry Jackson’s will the plantation and slaves were held jointly and in trust among Martha and her daughters, and her son served along side her as executor of the estate.”

When reading from these two works and realizing the close association with other folks already documented in our tree I got excited.  Would a closer reading of the entire book lend more information?  But the leads are enormous compared to what I though i had on Susan Jackson.  Could I find any estate records with names of some of the people who were enslaved by this family.

One of my first stops was at FamilySearch.org (after all my normal searches at ancestry), to look for the esate paper for Henry Jackson who died in Athens, Clarke County, Georgia.  Could I find the will?  Could I find a list of those who were enslaved?  Though I didn’t find our Susan Jackson in the Georgia records I did find some names.

People named in the inventory of Henry Jackson

I didn’t find the will among the set of records that included the inventory in Georgia.  But there was still lots more to glean from the records of Cookshay Plantation in Cusseta.  I’ll write more about that in part 3.  Would you like to come along?